1. Aquinas

2. Conway is also focused on the deterrence account of c.p.  Unlike in Aquinas, the concern in the Conway piece is with protecting innocent lives, not producing a virtuous community.  Thus, the Conway piece only deals with the case of murder.  Conway is responding to van der Haag’s arguments.

3. One of the main moral views nowadays is virtue ethics.  This is inspired by Aristotle’s insistence—we can see a similar thing in Socrates—that human flourishing is the constant exercise of virtue.  The purpose of life according to virtue ethics is to become virtuous human beings and to live virtuously.  Aquinas’ apparent focus on the human community as a community of virtuous human beings—as something endangered by vice and crime—marks him as at least sympathetic to this.