1. Discussion: Central doctrine of Socrates.  “Neither Meletus nor Anytus can harm me in any way.” (30c) 

2. C. S. Lewis.  Argument for there being what he calls “The Law of Nature”.  Lewis explains he is talking of the law of human nature.  He is not, however, talking about “human nature” in the sense of what people actually do, but of what people should do.  We often say “Well, he did something bad, but that’s human nature.”  Lewis isn’t talking about that kind of nature.  He is talking about the human nature that tells us what is right and what is wrong, if we listen to it.  These days, more common names are “Moral Law” or “Moral Obligations”.

[1] If most people are right-handed and hold the pen like we usually do, writing from left-to-right is slightly better, because the hand is less likely to smudge what has been written then.  But there are solutions for the right-to-left writing peoples.  For instance, some Syriac scribes (Syriac = a dialect of Aramaic) would turn the page 90 degrees counterclockwise, and write from top to down, which prevented the smudging problem.  Then they would turn the page back (90 degrees clockwise) for reading.