The older argument
- God knows
you will be in class.
God knows that p, then necessarily
necessarily you will be in class.
something is necessary, youíre not free with respect to it.
youíre not free with respect to being in class.
Premise (2) is ambiguous between:
2a. If God knows that p, then: (it is necessary that p).
2b. It is necessary that: (If God knows that p, then p).
But 2a is needed for the argument to be valid and 2b is what
The newer argument
- If you
have the power not to do A, you
have the power to make God not have foreseen you doing A.
having foreseen you doing A and
Godís not having foreseen you doing A are facts about the past.
have no power to make a fact about the past be.
you do not have the power not to do A.
Ockhamís way out
We can make past soft